(House of Nassau)

(House of Nassau)

Founded by Rutbert, Count of Zutphen 1059, who m Ermentrud of Hammerstein, dau of Count Otto of Hammersein (d 1036), who inherited possessions situated between the Lahn and the Sieg; Ulrich or Dudo, Count of Idstein, living ca 1093-1124, had two sons, the elder Rupert I (d ca 1154), acquired County of Laurenburg ca 1150, the yr Arnold, acquired the County of Nassau (in the Lahn). His yr son Rupert, Count of Nassau, d 1190 when Nassau passed to his cousin and son-in-law Walram, Count of Laurenburg (d 1198), father of Heinrich II, Count of Nassau (d 1254), etc, who divided his possessions 12 Dec 1255 between his sons Walram, who founded line of Nassau-Weilburg (see below) and Otto, who founded line of Nassau-Dillenburg (see THE NETHERLANDS).

Line of Walram

Catholic & Evangelical: Founded by Walram, Count of Nassau, Idstein, Wiesbaden and Weilburg (d 1289); King of the Romans 6 Jan 1292 -July 1298; Princely Count of Nassau, (HRE Wurzburg 3 Jul 1366); the dignity of Prince of the Holy Empire confirmed and renewed, Vienna 4 Aug 1688 and Vienna 5 Sep 1737; Imperial confirmation of primogeniture succession 6 Oct 1755 and 10 Dec 1766; Treaty of Succession concluded with the cadet Line of Nassau-Dillenburg, 30 June 1783; qualification Most Serene Highborn (Durchlauchtigst Hochgeboren) male primogeniture, HRE Vienna 3 Dec 1784; Wilhelm, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (1792-1839), reacquired the possessions of the Nassau-Usingen line (Friedrich, Prince of Nassau-Usingen, had assumed the title of Duke 30 Aug 1806) on 24 Mar 1816, taking the title of Duke of Nassau, Count of Katzenelnbogen and Dietz, etc; Duke Wilhelm succ by Duke Adolf Wilhelm-Karl (1817-1905), deprived of the Duchy of Nassau following the Prussian invasion and its unification with the Kingdom of Prussia 20 Sept 1866; Treaty concluded between the former Duke and the Kingdom of Prussia Sept 1867; Duke Adolf-Wilhem succ as heir to the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg on the extinction of the male line of the cadet line of Nassau-Dillenburg (see THE NETHERLANDS) 23 Nov 1890; Prince Nicholas of Nassau (1832-1905) m morganatically and left issue, Counts of Merenburg (sole surviving male line of ancient House of Nassau). Grand Duke Adolf of Luxembourg succ 1905 by his only surv son Wilhelm (1854-1912), who left issue six daus; the laws of succession having been changed by Family Statute of 16 April 1907 permitting the eventual succession of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and the Nassau titles through the female line, he was succ 1912 by his eldest dau Adelaide (1894-1924) who abdicated 1919 in favour of her next sister Charlotte (1896-1985), who m 6 Nov 1919 Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma, and had issue, the present Grand Ducal House (see below).

Issue of the Grand Duchess Charlotte titled Princes or Princess of Luxembourg, Prince or Princess of Bourbon-Parma and Nassau with the qualification of Royal Highness, her younger sisters were Grand Ducal Highness; the issue of the Grand Duke and the Hereditary Grand Duke are Princes or Princess of Luxembourg, with the qualification of Royal Highness (since 1986 the name "of Nassau" has been substituted for that of Bourbon-Parma and the Bourbon lilies dropped from the Grand Ducal Arms); the issue of authorised marriages of male cadets are Prince or Princess of Nassau with the qualification of Royal Highness, the issue of unauthorised marriages are Count or Countess of Nassau.

Arms.--- Quarterly: lst. and 4th, az, azure, semée of billetes or, a lion rampant and crowned or, armed and langued gu (Nassau); 2nd and 3rd, harry of ten erg and az. a lion queue fourchée gu, armed, langued and crowned or (Luxembourg). The shield is ensigned with the Royal Crown, without a cap. Supporters:- Two lions reguardant or, armed and langued gu. Motto.--- Ich dien. The achievement is borne on a mantle gu, fringed and tasselled or, doubled arm and surmounted by the Royal Crown, without a cap.

Orders: Order of the Golden Lion of the House of Nassau; the order of Civil and Military Merit of Adolf of Nassau; the Order of the Oak Crown; the Order of Merit.