THE ROYAL HOUSE OF BOURBON

 

DOC 3. TREATY OF UTRECHT BETWEEN GREAT BRITAIN AND FRANCE 12 Apr 1713

"Art. VI. Whereas the most destructive flame of War which is to be extinguished by this Peace, arose chiefly from hence, that the Security and Libertys of Europe could by no means bear the Union of the Kingdoms of France and Spain under one and the same King: And whereas it has at length been brought to pass by the Assistance of the Divine Power, upon the most earnest instances of her Sacred Majesty of Great Britain, and with the Consent of both the most Christian and of the Catholic King, that this evil should in all times to come be obviated, by means of Renunciations drawn in the most effectual Form, and executed in the most solemn Manner, the Tenor whereof is as follows. Now whereas it is provided and settled by the preceding Renunciation (which is always to have the force of a pragmatick, fundamental, and inviolable Law). That at no time whatever either the Catholick King himself, or any of his lineage, shall seek to obtain the Crown of France, or ascend the Throne thereof; and by reciprocal Renunciations on the part of France and by Settlements of the Hereditary Succession there, tending to the same purpose, the Crowns of France and Spain are so divided and separated from each other, that the aforesaid Renunciations, and the other Transactions relating thereto, remaining in force, and being truly and faithfully observed, they can never be joined in one: Wherefore the most Serene Queen of Great Britain, and the most Serene the most Christian King, engage to each other solemnly, and on their Royal Words, That nothing ever shall be done by them, or their Heirs and Successors, or allowed to be done by others, whereby the aforesaid Renunciations, and the other Transactions afore-mentioned, may not have their full effect; but rather to the contrary, their Royal Majestys, with joint Counsel and Forces, will always sincerely take that care, and use those endeavours, that the said Foundation of the publick Safety may remain unshaken, and be preserved untouched forever."

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DOC 4. TREATY OF UTRECHT, BETWEEN FRANCE & HOLLAND
11 APR 1713 ARTICLE 37.

"Puisque l'on convient qu'il est absolument nécessaire d'empêcher que les couronnes de France et d'Espagne ne puissent jamais être unies sur la tête d'un même Roi, et de pourvoir par ce moyen à la sûreté et à la liberté de l'Europe, et que, sur les instances de la Reine de la Grande-Bretagne, et du consentement tant du Roi très-chrétien que du Roi catholique, ont été trouvés les moyens d'empêcher celle union par des renonciations...

"Et puisque, par les dites renonciations et déclarations... il a été arrêté que ni le Roi catholique lui-même, ni aucun de ses descendants puisse à l'avenir, prétendre à la couronne... de France.

"Et d'autant que, par des renonciations réciproques de la part de la France... qui tendent au même but, les deux couronnes d'Espagne et de France sont tellement séparées, etc."

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DOC 5. TREATY OF UTRECHT, BETWEEN SPAIN-GREAT BRITAIN 10th JULY 1713, ARTICLE II (English text)

"II. That all fears that the Realms of France and Spain might ever be conjoined in one Person shall be allayed, and that the peace herein convened between the two Powers shall be firmly established and the proper balance of forces ever guaranteed and peace thereby ensured, His Catholic Majesty does here reiterate and reaffirm the abdication of all His rights to the Crown of France. Hereto were appended the Act of Abdication, the resolution of the Cortes, the Royal Decree naming the House of Savoy as lawful heirs and successors to the Spanish Throne, the Acts of Renunciation made by the French Royal Family of all Their claims and rights to the Throne of Spain, and the epistle of His Most Christian Majesty.

"III. All those acts of hostility occasioned by this present war shall now pass into the annals of history and no more shall men remind themselves of them."

Taken from SPAIN UNDER THE BOURBONS, Edited and Translated with a critical introduction by W. N. Hargreaves-Mawdsley, MA, Dphil, FRHistS, Prof of History, Brandon University, Canada, London, Macmillan, 1973, quoting from Fray Nicolás de Jesús Belando, Historia civil de España y sucesos de la guerra y tratados de la paz; desde el año de mil setecientos hasta el de mil setecientos terinta y tres, Madrid, 1740, Part One, pp. 650 ff.

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