The Imperial Diet
© by V. Rozn (edited by Guy Stair Sainty)
Imperial Diet consisted of three Councils:
(Fürsten) and the Free or Imperial Cities
(Freistädte oder Reichsstädte).
the Golden (i.e. Imperial) Bull of 1356 the Council of Electors consisted
of seven members:
rulers had the right to elect the head of the Holy Roman Empire, the Emperor.
the Thirty Years war (1618-1648) the Count Palatine of Rhine was deprived of his
status of Elector which was conferred on his distant cousin the Duke of Bavaria.
With the end of the War settled by the Treaty of Westphalia (1638), an 8th
Electorate was created and given to the Count Palatine of the Rhine (1648). In
1692, the Duke of Brunswick-Hanover became the 9th member of the Council. In
1777, the dynasty of Bavaria died out and the Count Palatine of the Rhine
inherited Bavaria, whereupon the Electoral voices (votes) of Bavaria and
Palatinate were merged.